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Tijuana History

At one time Tijuana was part of the Kumeyaay territory. It is believed that the name comes from the indigenous word “ticuan”, however the most accepted version is that it is derived from "Rancho de la Tía Juana" or “Aunt Jane’s Ranch” in Spanish, which was one of the first ranches in the area.

Around 1829, this area—including a river named Tijuana—was deeded to the military and political figure Santiago Argüello by José María Echendía - the leading politician in the California region at that time.
After the War of 1848, Mexico had to surrender more than half of its land. For this reason, the area (initially populated by ranches) became the new borderland. The city was founded on July 11, 1889 and from that year the city began to plan its urban development.

Tijuana, owing to its geography, is the most visited city in the state and the world. Its network of hotels boasts several world-class, five-star installations which will please even the most demanding of tourists.
The city also has many comfortable restaurants in which one may enjoy delicious dishes. In addition to its many event venues, Tijuana ‘after-dark’ is known for its world-class night clubs and dance halls. All these attractions make for an enjoyable stay.

Some must-see areas:
La Avenida Revolución – the city’s principal tourist area where one can find a variety of Mexican works of art in abundant supply.
It was in a restaurant on the Avenida Revolución that the original Cesar Salad was born. Tijuana also has the honor of being the birthplace of the Margarita.
Another area that merits a visit is the Tijuana Cultural Center. Complete with its own museum, auditorium, planetarium, open-air theater and exhibition hall—it was designed with fomenting Mexican culture in the Northern Border Region as it goal.

Not only does the City enjoy new tourist installations; the Pacific Coastal Zone has numerous residential areas, timeshare facilities, hotels, 18-hole golf courses, shopping malls and nature parks.
Tijuana’s unique offerings have spurred intense demand from the middle and upper class for residential dwellings and the subsequent need for services and places where families can enjoy themselves. For this reason, local, national and international companies have joined in to satisfy the denizens’ of Tijuana need for entertainment.

Economic development

The non-stop economic growth of the city—despite turbulence on the international scene— continues thanks to centers of higher learning teaching their students to keep a global outlook in mind when confronting the business challenges of the present and future.
This unique training comes as a byproduct of the higher level of talent in the labor force. These quality workers are drawn to Tijuana, which—owing to its geographic position—enjoys robust foreign investment.
The city’s hunger for higher education is satisfied by more than 23 universities and colleges, both public and private.

The most noted of these are:

  • La Universidad Autónoma de Baja California (UABC) - The Autonomous University of Baja Calif.
  • CETYS Universidad - CETYS University
  • Colegio de la Frontera Norte (COLEF) - College of the Northern Border
  • Universidad Iberoamericana (UIA) – Ibero-American University
  • Instituto Tecnológico de Tijuana (ITT) – Technological University of Tijuana
  • Centro de Estudios Universitarios Xochicalco (CEUX) - The Xochicalco Center for University Studies

Tijuana 2012

The combination of these favorable circumstances has fomented industrial progress, growth of the maquiladora phenomenon and the parallel rise of industrial parks.
These, in turn, have brought important Mexican and international firms from such varied industries as woodworking, electronics, IT, automotive, aerospace, plastics, medicine, and metalwork among others.
With this promising backdrop, a bright vision for the future and the knowledge of how important infrastructure is to the sustainable growth of a modern, emblematic city; Tijuana has in its sights the 2009-2010 P.I.R.E. Project which plans for the renovation of the city’s 43 principle boulevards.

Utilizing the “white-topping” technology, the 130 miles these streets cover wias finished by the end March of 2010. These works, in conjunction with political deeds which favor economic development, aspire to elevate the community’s quality of life.

Tijuana in numbers:

Population: City 1,559,683; Metro 1,784,034 per 2010 Census.

Tijuana Estimated Population 2016: 1,748,062.

Density: 2.212/Km² = 5.730/sq mi.

Area: 637 Km² = 246 sq mi.

Unemployment Rate: 1.9 as of the first quarter 2018.

Telephone Area Code: 664

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